Argan oil is made from the tree with the same name (Argania Spinosa),belonging to the family Sapotaceae. this tree grows only in southwestern Morocco.
This fruit is oval, like the olive, although slightly larger, 3 to 4 cm (1,18” to 1,57”) long and 1,5 to 3 cm (0,6” to 1,18”) wide, yellow-green, tending to black when ripe, with thick skin thick surrounding the shell, as a ``protective cover ́ ́.
the fruit of Argan contains within it three seeds in the form of pipes (similar to an almond), from which is extracted the precious oil, known worldwide as ``the liquid gold ́ ́, given his scarcity and laborious production process.
Each argan tree produces between 4 and 6 kg (8,8 lb and 13,22 lb) of fruit per harvest. About 30 kg (66,14 lb) of fruit are needed to produce one liter (33,8 fl. OZ) of argan oil, close to harvest of 5 trees.
In comparison, it takes between 5 and 10 kg (11 lb to 22 lb) of olives and much less time to produce one liter (33,8 fl. OZ) of olive oil.
The hard work to crush nuts and hand pressure, is about 20 hours, to produce about one liter (33,8 fl. OZ) of Argan oil. Experts estimate that the anual production of argan oil does not exceed 3 to 4 millions liters (0,8 to 1,06 millons gal.). small amount compared to 2800 milions liter (740 millions gal.) of olive oil sold each year.
There are two main reasons why the Argan oil is so expensive. One is that the tree is coming from is threatened with extinction and found exclusively in southwestern Morocco. Two, is in the great demand and for a small amount of oil is required extensive work.
Other reasons that determine its high commercial value are its cosmetic, medicinal and nutritious properties.